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Fort Macon
Civil War North Carolina


American Civil War
March 23-April 26, 1862

In late March, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside's army advanced on Fort Macon, a third system casemated masonry fort that commanded the channel to Beaufort, 35 miles southeast of New Berne.

The Union force invested the fort with siege works and, on April 26, opened an accurate fire on the fort, which soon breached the masonry walls.

Within a few hours the fort's scarp began to collapse, and the Confederates hoisted a white flag.

This action demonstrated the inadequacy of masonry forts against large-bore, rifled artillery.

Result(s): Union victory

Location: Carteret County

Campaign: Burnside's North Carolina Expedition (January-July 1862) next battle in campaign    previous battle in campaign

Date(s): March 23-April 26, 1862

Principal Commanders: Brigadier General John G. Parke [US]; Lieutenant Colonel Moses J. White [CS]

Forces Engaged: Parke's Division of Department of North Carolina, 3rd Division [US]; Fort Macon Garrison [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 490 total (US 10; CS 480)

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