Martinsburg, Hoke's Run
Falling Waters, Hainesville
Civil War West Virginia


American Civil War
July 2, 1861

First Manassas Campaign Map

On July 2, Major General Robert Patterson's division crossed the Potomac River near Williamsport and marched on the main road to Martinsburg. Near Hoke's Run, Abercrombie's and Thomas's brigades encountered regiments of T.J. Jackson's brigade, driving them back slowly.

Jackson's orders were to delay the Federal advance only, which he did, withdrawing before Patterson's larger force. On July 3, Patterson occupied Martinsburg but made no further aggressive moves until July 15, when he marched to Bunker Hill. Instead of moving on Winchester, however, Patterson turned east to Charles Town and then withdrew to Harpers Ferry.

This retrograde movement took pressure off Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and allowed Johnston's army to march to support Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard at Manassas.

Patterson's inactivity contributed to the Union defeat at First Manassas.

Result(s): Union victory

Location: Berkeley County

Campaign: Manassas Campaign (July 1861) next battle in campaign Campaigns

Date(s): July 2, 1861

Principal Commanders: Major General Robert Patterson [US]; Brigadier General Thomas J. Jackson [CS]

Forces Engaged: Brigades

Estimated Casualties: 114 total (US 23; CS 91)


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