Waterloo Bridge, White Sulphur Springs
American Civil War
August 22-25, 1862
Early August, General Lee determined that Union General McClellan's army was being withdrawn from the Peninsula to reinforce John Pope.
He sent CSA General Longstreet from Richmond to join General Stonewall Jackson's wing of the army near Gordonsville and arrived to take command himself on August 15.
August 20-21, Pope withdrew to the line of the Rappahannock River.
On August 23, General JEB Stuart's cavalry made a daring raid on Pope's headquarters at Catlett Station, showing that the Union right flank was vulnerable to a turning movement.
Over the next several days, August 22-25, the two armies fought a series of minor actions along the Rappahannock River, including Waterloo Bridge, Lee Springs, Freeman's Ford, and Sulphur Springs, resulting in a few hundred casualties.
Together, these skirmishes primed Pope's army along the river, while Jackson's wing marched via Thoroughfare Gap to capture Bristoe Station and destroy Federal supplies at Manassas Junction, far in the rear of Pope's army.
Other Names: Waterloo Bridge, White Sulphur Springs, Lee Springs, Freeman's Ford
On August 25, 1862, beginning his march to Manassas, Stonewall Jackson left the vicinity of Jeffersonton, with about 20,000 troops and two brigades of Stuarts cavalry, marched onto the road between Waterloo Bridge and Amissville, and once past the latter place turned onto the wagon road (RR 643) leading north to the Rappahannock and crossed the river at Hinsons Mill. The remnants of the mill race can still be visualized. There are two great stones facing each other, one at the edge of each bank. There are drill holes in the surface of the stone, possibly anchors for a wooden bridge structure. On the left bank there is a cleared track that passe up the slope and through the woods (and a clearing) to a paved road (RR 743) that takes you to Orlean and on to Salem at Thoroughfare Gap.
Stonewall Jackson's Book of Maxims
While a cadet at West Point, Jackson collected maxims as part of his quest for status as a gentleman, and in the mid-1850s he carefully inscribed these maxims in a personal notebook, which disappeared after his death in 1863. In the 1990s, the author discovered the long-lost book of maxims in the archives of Tulane University
Stonewall Crosses the Rappahannock at Hinson's Mill Aug 1862
An obscure but reachable spot, just north of Amissville. The crossing point was only a mile or so from Pope's cavalry
picketing the road toward Orleans. Pope knew the rebels were crossing the river in force, but he thought the force was
merely guarding the main body's flank which he assumed was moving west toward the Shenandoah Valley.
Lee Vs. McClellan: The First Campaign
An interesting account of the struggle for western Virginia in 1861. It follows that year's rolls of Generals McClellan and Lee; the former using the successes of the campaign to further his reputation and career, and the latter struggling to straighten out a quagmire and failing to do so
The Civil War Papers Of George B. Mcclellan: Selected Correspondence, 1860-1865
General-in-chief of the entire Union army at one point, he led the Army of the Potomac through the disaster at Antietam Creek, was subsequently dismissed by Lincoln, and then ran against him in the 1864 presidential campaign. This collection of McClellan's candid letters about himself, his motivations, and his intentions
Robert E. Lee
This book not only offers concise detail but also gives terrific insight into the state of the Union and Confederacy during Lee's life. Lee was truly a one of kind gentleman and American, and had Virginia not been in the south or neutral, he ultimately would have led the Union forces.
Four Years With General Lee
Walter Taylor was staff officer to General Robert E. Lee. His book first appeared in 1877. For many years a standard authority on Confederate history, it is the source for dozens of incidents that have now become a part of every biography of Lee.
Bad Blood: The Border War That Triggered the Civil War
In the years leading up to the Civil War, a bloody conflict between slaveholders and abolitionists focused the nation's eyes on the state of Missouri and the territory of Kansas. Told through the actual words of slave owners, free-staters, border ruffians, and politicians, Bad Blood presents the complex morality, differing values, and life-and-death decisions faced by those who lived on the Missouri-Kansas border
Blue Vs. Gray - Killing Fields
Relive the most vicious fighting of the Civil War, in which General Ulysses S. Grant forcibly reversed the tide of the conflict by paying with the blood of thousands. It was a desperate time for the Union
The Civil War in Virginia
Virginia was the arena where North and South fought many of their bloodiest battles. the program gives a full account of the events that took place describing in detail the history of the American Civil War in Virginia