Waterloo Bridge, White Sulphur Springs
Civil War Virginia
American Civil War
August 22-25, 1862
Early August, General Lee determined that Union General McClellan's army was being withdrawn from the Peninsula to reinforce John Pope.
He sent CSA General Longstreet from Richmond to join General Stonewall Jackson's wing of the army near Gordonsville and arrived to take command himself on August 15.
August 20-21, Pope withdrew to the line of the Rappahannock River.
On August 23, General JEB Stuart's cavalry made a daring raid on Pope's headquarters at Catlett Station, showing that the Union right flank was vulnerable to a turning movement.
Over the next several days, August 22-25, the two armies fought a series of minor actions along the Rappahannock River, including Waterloo Bridge, Lee Springs, Freeman's Ford, and Sulphur Springs, resulting in a few hundred casualties.
Together, these skirmishes primed Pope's army along the river, while Jackson's wing marched via Thoroughfare Gap to capture Bristoe Station and destroy Federal supplies at Manassas Junction, far in the rear of Pope's army.
Other Names: Waterloo Bridge, White Sulphur Springs, Lee Springs, Freeman's Ford
Location: Culpeper County and Fauquier County
Campaign: Northern Virginia Campaign (June-September 1862) next battle in campaign previous battle in campaign
Date(s): August 22-25, 1862
Principal Commanders: Major General John Pope [US]; Major General Thomas "Stonewall" J. Jackson [CS]
Forces Engaged: Brigades
Estimated Casualties: 225 total
On August 25, 1862, beginning his march to Manassas, Stonewall Jackson left the vicinity of Jeffersonton, with about 20,000 troops and two brigades of Stuart’s cavalry, marched onto the road between Waterloo Bridge and Amissville, and once past the latter place turned onto the wagon road (RR 643) leading north to the Rappahannock and crossed the river at Hinson’s Mill. The remnants of the mill
race can still be visualized. There are two great stones facing each other, one at the edge of each bank. There are drill holes in the surface of the stone, possibly anchors for a wooden bridge structure. On the left bank there is a cleared track that passe up the slope and through the woods (and a clearing) to a paved road (RR 743) that takes you to Orlean and on to Salem at Thoroughfare
Video - Stonewall Crosses the Rappahannock at Hinson's Mill Aug 1862
The House Shown at Bottom is at end of
Track leads past it down to surviving mill race
White marks are hugh boulders that
Were used as bridge pier. Cut in forest on right
Is location of gravel road. There is a dirt road
At the curve that goes down to the left bank
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U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
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