Maryes' Heights Virginia
American Civil War
December 11-15, 1862
Fredericksburg 1 would unfold in an amphitheater bounded by the Rappahannock River and by the line of hills fortified by Lee. When Jackson's men arrived Longstreet moved his corps north, defending five miles of Lee's front. He mounted guns at Strong points such as Taylor's Hill, Marye's Heights, Howison Hill, and Telegraph (later Lee's) Hill, the Confederate command post. "Old
Pete's" five divisions of infantry supported his artillery at the base of the slopes.
On November 14, Union General Burnside, now in command of the Army of the Potomac, sent a corps to occupy the vicinity of Falmouth near Fredericksburg. The rest of the army soon followed. Lee reacted by entrenching his army on the heights behind the town.
On December 11, Union engineers laid five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock under fire. On the 12th, the Federal army crossed over, and on December 13, Burnside mounted a series of futile frontal assaults on Prospect Hill and Marye's Heights that resulted in staggering casualties.
Meade's division, on the Union left flank, briefly penetrated Jackson's line but was driven back by a counterattack. Union generals C. Feger Jackson and George Bayard, and Confederate generals Thomas R.R. Cobb and Maxey Gregg were killed.
On December 15, Burnside called off the offensive and recrossed the river, ending the campaign. Burnside initiated a new offensive in January 1863, which quickly bogged down in the winter mud. The abortive "Mud March" and other failures led to Burnside's replacement by Major General Joseph Hooker in January 1863.
Result(s): Confederate victory
Location: Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg
Campaign: Fredericksburg Campaign (November-December 1862) This campaign had just this battle Campaigns
Date(s): December 11-15, 1862
Principal Commanders: Major General Ambrose E. Burnside [US]; General Robert E. Lee [CS]
Forces Engaged: 172,504 total (US 100,007; CS 72,497)
Estimated Casualties: 17,929 total (US 13,353; CS 4,576)
Voices of the Civil
The courage of the troops who fought at Fredericksburg through their actual accounts. You can sence how the south felt it would win the war after this northern defeat from the soilders letters
Ambrose Burnside, the Union general, was a major player on the Civil War stage from the first
clash at Bull Run until the final summer of the war. He led a corps or army during most of this time and played important roles in various theaters of the war. George Gordon Meade and the War in the East
To most students of the Civil War, he is merely the man who was lucky enough to benefit from Confederate
mistakes at Gettysburg, but whose shortcomings as a commander compelled Abraham Lincoln to bring in Ulysses S. Grant from the West to achieve victory
Fighting Joe Hooker
Union general Joseph Hooker assumed command of an army demoralized by
defeat and diminished by desertion. Acting swiftly, the general reorganized his army, routed corruption among quartermasters, improved food and sanitation, and boosted morale by granting furloughs and amnesties. The test of his military skill came in the battle of Chancellorsville. It was one of the Union Army's worst defeats
Sid Meier's Civil War Collection
Take command of either Confederate or
Union troops and command them to attack from the trees, rally around the general, or do any number of other realistic military actions. The AI reacts to your commands as if it was a real Civil War general, and offers infinite replayability. The random-scenario generator provides endless variations on the battles
This book not only offers concise detail but also gives terrific insight into the state of the Union and Confederacy during Lee's life. Lee was truly a one of kind gentleman and American, and had Virginia not been in the south or neutral, he ultimately would have led the Union forces.
Civil War Medicine
The staggering challenge of treating wounds and disease on both sides of the conflict. Written for general
readers and scholars alike, this first-of-its kind encyclopedia will help all Civil War enthusiasts to better understand this amazing medical saga. Clearly organized, authoritative, and readable
Bad Blood: The Border War That Triggered the Civil War
In the years leading up
to the Civil War, a bloody conflict between slaveholders and abolitionists focused the nation's eyes on the state of Missouri and the territory of Kansas. Told through the actual words of slave owners, free-staters, border ruffians, and politicians, Bad Blood presents the complex morality, differing values, and life-and-death decisions faced by those who lived on the Missouri-Kansas border
Blue Vs. Gray - Killing Fields
Relive the most vicious fighting of the Civil War, in
which General Ulysses S. Grant forcibly reversed the tide of the conflict by paying with the blood of thousands. It was a desperate time for the Union
The Civil War in Virginia
Virginia was the arena where North and South fought many
of their bloodiest battles. the program gives a full account of the events that took place describing in detail the history of the American Civil War in Virginia
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
More To Explore