Civil War Tennessee
American Civil War
June 6, 1862
After the Confederate River Defense Fleet, commanded by Captain James E. Montgomery and Brigadier General M. Jeff Thompson (Missouri State Guard), bested the Union ironclads at Plum Run Bend, Tennessee, on May 10, 1862, they retired to Memphis.
Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard ordered troops out of Fort Pillow and Memphis on June 4, after learning of Union Major General Henry W. Halleck's occupation of Corinth, Mississippi. Thompson's few troops, camped outside Memphis, and Montgomery's fleet were the only force available to meet the Union naval threat to the city.
From Island No. 45, just north of Memphis, Flag-Officer Charles H. Davis and Colonel Charles Ellet launched a naval attack on Memphis after 4:00 am on June 6. Arriving off Memphis about 5:30 am, the battle began. In the hour and a half battle, the Union boats sank or captured all but one of the Confederate vessels; General Van Dorn escaped.
Immediately following the battle, Colonel Ellet's son, Medical Cadet Charles Ellet, Jr., met the mayor of Memphis and raised the Union colors over the courthouse. Later, Flag-Officer Davis officially received the surrender of the city from the mayor. The Indiana Brigade, commanded by Colonel G.N. Fitch, then occupied the city.
Memphis, an important commercial and economic center on the Mississippi River, had fallen, opening another section of the Mississippi River to Union shipping.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: Shelby County
Campaign: Joint Operations on the Middle Mississippi River (1862) Previous Battle in Campaign Campaigns
Date(s): June 6, 1862
Principal Commanders: Flag-Officer Charles H. Davis and Colonel Charles Ellet [US]; Captain James E. Montgomery and Brigadier General M. Jeff Thompson [CS]
Forces Engaged: U.S. Ironclads Benton, Louisville, Carondelet, Cairo, and St. Louis and U.S. Army Rams Queen of the West and Monarch [US]; C.S. Navy Rams General Beauregard, General Bragg, General Price, General Van Dorn, General Thompson, Colonel Lovell, Sumter, and Little Rebel [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 181 total (US 1; CS 180)
"The Total Annihilation of the Rebel Fleet by the Federal Fleet under Commodore Davis."
"On the Morning of June 6th 1862, off Memphis, Ten."
Lithograph by Middleton, Strobridge
In the foreground, the print depicts the Confederate ships (from left to right): General M. Jeff Thompson
(shown sinking); Little Rebel
(shown burning); General Sterling Price
; General Beauregard
rammed by the Ellet Ram Monarch
); General Bragg
(shown aground) and Colonel Lovell
background are the Federal warships (from left to right): Queen of the West
; Saint Louis
; a tug; and Benton
city of Memphis is in the right distance, with a wharf boat by the shore. More Confederate and Union Navy Ships and Battles
Sid Meier's Civil War Collection
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Union troops and command them to attack from the trees, rally around the general, or do any number of other realistic military actions. The AI reacts to your commands as if it was a real Civil War general, and offers infinite replayability. The random-scenario generator provides endless variations on the battles
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On the evening of February 17, 1864, the
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Confederate Blockade Runner 1861-65
The blockade runners of the Civil War
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The first seagoing ironclad was the USS Monitor, and its
profile has made it one of the most easily recognised warships of all time. Following her inconclusive battle with the Confederate ironclad Virginia on March 9, 1862, the production of Union monitors was accelerated. By the end of the year a powerful squadron of monitor vessels protected the blockading squadrons off the Southern coastline, and were able to challenge Confederate control of her
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Confederate Submarines and Torpedo Vessels 1861-65
information and many excellent illustrations. It addresses the CSA David class torpedo boats and the Hunley (and its predecessors), as well as Union examples such as the Alligator and the Spuyten Duyvil
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While the Monitor and Merrimack are the most famous of the Civil War ironclads, the
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The Hunt for the Albemarle
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The Confederate ironclad Albemarle was the key to the river wars in North Carolina. Flusser's search for this ship would determine the success or failure of the Union navy
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Northern Naval Superiority and the Economics of the American Civil War
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The Confederate Navy in Europe
Full account of the European activities of the Confederate navy during the American Civil War, including information on the Southerners who procured naval vessels in Great Britain and France, the construction of the ships, and the legal and
political impact on the European governments that assisted in the Confederate cause.
U.S. National Park Service
U.S. Library of Congress.
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