American Christian Heritage
America's Christian Heritage

From Plymouth Rock to Independence Hall and beyond, the pages of American history overflow with evidence of the profound role Christianity has played in the founding of our nation.

Virginia Civil War Map of Battles 1862

The Official Virginia Civil War Battlefield Guide
Virginia was host to nearly 1/3rd of all Civil War engagements. This guide covers them all like a mini-history of the war. This guide organizes battles chronologically. Each campaign has a detailed overview, followed by concise descriptions of the individual engagements

January 3, 1862 Cockpit Point / Freestone Point
March 8-9, 1862 Hampton Roads / Battle of the Ironclads
March 23, 1862 Kernstown
April 5-May 4, 1862 Yorktown
May 5, 1862 Williamsburg / Fort Magruder
May 7, 1862 Eltham's Landing Barhamsville / West Point
May 8, 1862 McDowell / Sitlington's Hill
May 15, 1862 Drewry's Bluff / Fort Darling / Fort Drewry
May 23, 1862 Front Royal / Guard Hill / Cedarville
May 25, 1862 Winchester / Bowers Hill
May 27, 1862 Hanover Court House / Slash Church
May 31-June 1, 1862 Seven Pines / Fair Oaks Station
June 8, 1862 Cross Keys
June 9, 1862 Port Republic
June 25, 1862 Oak Grove French's Field / King's School House
June 26, 1862 Mechanicsville / Beaver Dam Creek / Ellerson's Mill
June 27, 1862 Gaines' Mill / First Cold Harbor
June 27-28, 1862 Garnett's Farm / Golding's Farm
June 29, 1862 Savage's Station
June 30, 1862 White Oak Swamp
June 30, 1862 Glendale / Frayser's Farm / Riddell's Shop
July 1, 1862 Malvern Hill / Poindexter's Farm
August 9, 1862 Cedar Mountain / Slaughter's Mountain / Cedar Run
August 22-25, 1862 Rappahannock Station / Waterloo Bridge
August 28, 1862 Thoroughfare Gap / Chapman's Mill
August 25-27,1862 Manassas Station Operations
August 28-30, 1862 Manassas Second / Second Bull Run
September 1, 1862 Chantilly / Ox Hill
December 11-15, 1862 Fredericksburg I / Marye's Heights
First Manassas
"We Shall Meet Again": The First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run), July 18-21, 1861
The First Battle of Manassas claimed the lives of approximately 878 soldiers and wounded another 2,489. With a battlefield stretching nearly five miles, 15,000 Union and 14,000 Confederate soldiers clashed for four fateful days, many of them young and terrified and receiving their first taste of a long and bitter war
Kindle Available
Politically Incorrect Guide to the Civil War

The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Civil War
As a graduate history instructor, I found this book to be a refreshing view of history. It's nice to read some critical reasoning that goes against the popular biases by presenting facts that are conveniently over-looked by many others. I highly recommend this book to high school seniors and college undergraduates as an excellent basis to their understanding of the war. Amazon Reviewer
Virginia State Battle Map 1861
Virginia State Battle Map 1863
Virginia State Battle Map 1864
Virginia State Battle Map 1865

Civil War State Battle Maps

American Civil War Exhibits
American Civil War Timeline
Summary of the Civil War
Civil War Submarine
Appomattox Court House
Civil War Picture Album
Women in the Civil War
Documents of the War

72 Piece Civil War Army Men
Play Set 52mm Union and Confederate Figures, Bridge, Horses, Canon
  • 48 Union and Confederate Soldiers up to 2-1/8 inches tall
  • 4 Horses, 4 Sandbag Bunkers, 6 Fence Sections, 3 Cannon, 3 Limber Wagons (Ammo Carts)
  • Bridge, Small Barracks, 2 Cardboard buildings
  • Scale: About 1/35th

Second Manassas
Second Manassas 1862
Robert E Lee's greatest victory

Robert E Lee came as close as he ever would to exterminating his Northern enemies. In so doing, Lee established himself as the South's pre-eminent military commander and the Army of Northern Virginia as it's most powerful weapon
Kindle Available
Tempest at Ox Hill

Tempest at Ox Hill
The Battle of Chantilly

At Chantilly, Virginia, on September 1, 1862, a small Union rearguard faced down some of Lee's best generals. The retreating main Union army, and Washington, were saved, but at a frightening human cost, including the deaths of two Union generals
Travelbrains Education Software
Second Manassas Expedition Guide
A multimedia CD-ROM with six informative modules. Animated battle maps bring the fighting to life. A 35 minute movie explains the entire campaign and battle. Animated movies describe the opposing armies and provide a wealth of biographical information.
Manassas 2
Return to Bull Run: The Campaign and Battle of Second Manassas
Expertly researched and well written. This was one of the most interesting campaigns in the eastern theater. High drama prevailed from the very start. Jackson's performance is well documented
Kindle Available

The Richmond Campaign of 1862: The Peninsula and the Seven Days
The Richmond campaign of 1862 ranks as one of the most important military operations of the American Civil War. Key political, diplomatic, social, and military issues were at stake as CSA General Lee and USA General McClellan met.
Seven Days
To The Gates of Richmond
The Peninsula Campaign

For three months General McClellan battled his way toward Richmond, but then CSA General Lee took command of the Confederate forces. In seven days, Lee drove the cautious McClellan out, thereby changing the course of the war
Virginia Battlefield
The Official Virginia
Civil War Battlefield Guide

Virginia was host to nearly 1/3rd of all Civil War engagements. This guide covers them all like a mini-history of the war. This guide organizes battles chronologically. Each campaign has a detailed overview, followed by concise descriptions of the individual engagements
Extraordinary Circumstances
Extraordinary Circumstances
The Seven Days Battles

One of the most decisive military campaigns in Western history, the Seven Days were fought in the area southeast of the Confederate capitol of Richmond from June 25 to July 1, 1862
Rocks Second Mannassas
Rocks and War: Geology and the Civil War Campaign of Second Manassas
The first study of the Battle of Second Manassas to show the importance of the landscape through which the generals maneuvered. Knowledge of landforms was vital to officers as they planned strategy and movements
Counter Thrust
From the Peninsula to the Antietam

A window into the Union's internal conflict at building a military leadership team. Lincoln's administration in disarray, with relations between the president and field commander McClellan strained to the breaking point. Shows how the fortunes of war shifted abruptly in the Union's favor, climaxing at Antietam.
Echoes of Thunder
Echoes of Thunder
A Guide to the Seven Days Battles

This is a valuable and welcome addition to this series of battlefield guides. This book will provide you with a guide on the field or it will supplement reading about the American Civil War battle of The Seven Days.
Kindle Available

Rebels At The Gate
The dramatic story of the first Union victories of the Civil War and the events that caused Virginians to divide their state. In a defiant act to sustain President Lincoln's war effort, Virginia Unionists created their own state government in 1861-destined to become the new state of West Virginia. Their actions blocked what should have been Confederate control of the territory and closed one of their key gateways to the Union states
Echoes of Thunder: A Guide to the Seven Days Battles
This is a valuable and welcome addition to this series of battlefield guides. This book will provide you with a guide on the field or it will supplement reading about the American Civil War battle of The Seven Days.
Stonewall Jackson at Port Rebublic
Conquering the Valley: Stonewall Jackson at Port Republic
Using accurate background information as well as anecdotal material, eyewitness accounts, and new primary sources, a historic narrative outlines the events surrounding the Civil War battles at Port Republic and Cross Keys
We are in for it Kerstown Virginia
We Are in for It!": The First Battle of Kernstown March 23, 1862
Places First Kernstown in context with events both several months prior and after the battle, and effortlessly provides a highly readable account of the ebb and flow of the battle. Troop movements are provided in detail, in some cases right down to the company level. Great source material from participants is interwoven into the narrative

Girls Life
A Girl's Life in Virginia Before the War
First published in 1895. An engrossing eyewitness account of antebellum plantation life as it really was
Kindle Available

The Illustrated Battle Cry of Freedom
The Civil War Era

Published in 1988 to universal acclaim, this single-volume treatment of the Civil War quickly became recognized as the new standard in its field. James M. McPherson, who won the Pulitzer Prize for this book, impressively combines a brisk writing style with an admirable thoroughness. He covers the military aspects of the war in all of the necessary detail, and also provides a helpful framework describing the complex economic, political, and social forces behind the conflict. Perhaps more than any other book, this one belongs on the bookshelf of every Civil War buff.
McClellans Story
McClellan's Own Story

Born in Philadelphia on December 3, 1826, George B. McClellan graduated from West Point in 1846 before serving in the Mexican War. At the start of the Civil War, McClellan was put in a position of leadership and after a successful campaign in Virginia he was given command of the Army of Potomac, one of the Union's strongest armies. He led the Peninsular campaign with almost 100,000 troops under his command. marching toward Richmond.
Peninsula Campaign
The Peninsula Campaign Of 1862: Yorktown To The Seven Days

George B. McClellan got closer to Richmond than any previous Union general by a bold amphibious landing, but lost his advantage due to his own indecision and Robert E. Lee's superior generalship.
Sword Over Richmond
Sword Over Richmond: An Eyewitness History Of McClellan's Peninsula Campaign

Told through the words of participants and observers, both military and civilian, this book is an account of the events that followed George B. McClellan's appointment as commander of the Army of the Potomac, and his controversial Peninsula Campaign

Civil War Video Games
Robert E Lee video game
Robert E. Lee: Civil War General

The game comes with two types of battles to choose from, 45 historical battles and more than 100 alternative ones. The alternative ones are usually smaller versions of the historical ones. Of great interest is the way the game handles campaigns. Not only does it string together varying numbers of individual scenarios but puts the emphasis on how well or poorly your army performs during battle

Antietam: Battleground 5
PC Game focuses on individual areas of the battle, including the pre-battle South Mountain delaying action, or you can fight the whole Antietam scrap between McClellan and Lee on September 17th 1862

Take Command 2nd Manassas
2nd Manassas explores one of the American Civil War's most important battles. Travel back to 1862 and fight what the North remembers as the Second Battle of BullRun -- a battle which was pivotal to the Northern Virginia Campaign. Take on the essential elements of decision-making for this crucial battle - Take Command or be overcome by it. Accurate ballistics for weapons Play

Civil War Campaigns: Vicksburg
A chance to refight one of the American Civil War's most crucial battles. It's April of 1863, and General U.S. Grant has led his men to the banks of the Mississippi River. After disastrous Union campaigns at Chickasaw Bayou, Steele Bayou and Greenville, Grant elects to bypass the Confederate fortress city of Vicksburg

State of Virginia Flag History
The Virginia State seal depicts the Roman goddess Virtus representing the spirit of the Commonwealth. She is dressed as an Amazon, a sheathed sword in one hand, and a spear in the other, and one foot on the form of Tyranny, who is pictured with a broken chain in his left hand, a scourge in his right, and his fallen crown nearby, implying struggle that has ended in complete victory. Virginia's motto, Sic Semper Tyrannis (Latin for "Thus Always to Tyrants"), appears at the bottom. Buy this Virginia State Flag
Virginia State Flag
In 1861, the Virginia State Convention passed an ordinance establishing a design virtually identical to that in current use. This flag has a deep blue field with a circular white center. The obverse of the great seal of the Commonwealth has been identically painted or embroidered on each side of the flag. A white silk fringe adorns the edge farthest from the flag staff.
Buy This Bonnie Blue Flag

Bonnie Blue
The Confederate government did not adopt this flag but the people did and the lone star flags were adopted in some form in five of the southern States that adopted new flags in 1861.
Buy This Southern Cross Flag

Used as a navy jack at sea from 1863 onward. This flag has become the generally recognized symbol of the South.
Buy This Second Confederate Flag
second confederate flag

On May 1st,1863, a second design was adopted, placing the Battle Flag (also known as the "Southern Cross") as the canton on a white field. This flag was easily mistaken for a white flag of surrender especially when the air was calm and the flag hung limply.
More on Confederate Flags

Virginia Regimental Flag

This flag was carried by an unknown Virginia regiment. On April 8, 1865, Major Thomas Ward of General Armstrong Custer's calvary division captured it near Namozine Church. Major Ward was General Custer's brother-in-law.

Kindle Available
On Gunnery Hitory of American Artillery

On Gunnery: The Art and Science of Field Artillery from the American Civil War to the Dawn of the 21st Century
The fascinating evolution of artillery from the battlefields of the American Civil War to the desert sands of the middle east at the dawn of the 21st Century. Chronicling the evolution of fire direction and control from the muzzle loaded cannons of the Union and Confederacy


U.S. National Park Service
 U.S. Library of Congress.

Current Weather and City History Information for Fredericksburg Virginia