At dawn, October 19, 1864, the Confederate Army of the Valley under Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early surprised the Federal army at Cedar Creek and routed the VIII and XIX Army Corps.
US Commander Major General Philip Sheridan arrived from Winchester to rally his troops, and, in the afternoon, launched a crushing counterattack, which recovered the battlefield.
Sheridan's victory at Cedar Creek broke the back of the Confederate army in the Shenandoah Valley.
Lincoln rode the momentum of Sheridan's victories in the Valley and General Sherman's successes in Georgia to re-election.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: Frederick County, Shenandoah County and Warren County
Campaign: Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign (August-December 1864) previous battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): October 19, 1864
Principal Commanders: Major General Horatio Wright and Major General Philip Sheridan [US]; Lieutenant General Jubal Early [CS]
Forces Engaged: 52,945 total (US 31,945; CS 21,000)
Estimated Casualties: 8,575 total (US 5,665; CS 2,910)