Union Major General Benjamin Butler was relieved of command of the Army of the James and assigned to lead an amphibious expedition against Fort Fisher, which protected Wilmington, the South's last open seaport on the Atlantic coast.
Learning that large numbers of Union troops had embarked from Hampton Roads on December 13, Lee dispatched Hoke's Division to meet the expected attack on Fort Fisher.
On December 24, the Union fleet under Rear Admiral David D. Porter arrived to begin shelling the fort. An infantry division disembarked from transports to test the fort's defenses.
The Federal assault on the fort had already begun when Hoke approached, discouraging further Union attempts.
Butler called off the expedition on December 27 and returned to Fort Monroe.
Result(s): Confederate victory
Location: New Hanover County
Campaign: Expedition against Fort Fisher (December 1864)
only battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): December 7-27, 1864
Principal Commanders: Rear Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Benjamin Butler [US]; Major General Robert Hoke [CS]
Forces Engaged: Expeditionary Corps, Army of the James [US]; Hoke's Division and Fort Fisher Garrison [CS]
Fort Fisher, North Carolina Interior view of the Confederate defenses "Pulpit"
American Civil War Fortifications
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Standard Catalog of
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Lee's Tar Heels: The Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae Brigade
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The Battle and Its Aftermath
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The White Tecumseh: A Biography of General William T. Sherman
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