Crossed the Potomac Near Leesburg, on the 25th and 26th,
the Last Corps on the 27th. Hooker Moved Between Frederick and the South Mountain, Expecting Lee’s Army to
Advance East Through
Hooker Remained In
This Position Until Relieved of Command, the Morning of the 28th.
By That Time Reports
Had Arrived, of Enemy Infantry Appearing At York and Carlisle.
From Hooker the Morning of the 28th,
Meade, Late in the
Day, Orders the Army to Move North-Northeast,
Washington and Baltimore.
Later the Union Army Corps Are dispersed Over a Range of
Stretching From the Monacacy to Manchester, Behind Pipe Creek
Meade Has Weighted
His Army to the Right, puttng Five Corps to the Right
Of the Monacacy
and Two to the Left. He Thinks Lee Is Moving to
Attack His Right.
During the Day of
the June 30th, Meade Still Fears For His Right. But, as the Day
Enemy Force Develops
At Fairfield Against His Left, and He Moves Reynolds’s
Supported by Howard’s and, Later, Sickles’s, corps, Behind Marsh Creek,
At the Mason-Dixon
Line, With its Front Facing Northwest Toward Fairfield.
Meade Still Has
Three Corps Behind Pipe Creek, Between Union and Manchester,
Guarding His Right
The Three Corps to
the Right Are Twenty-Five Miles Away From the
Three Corps on the
Left, with One Corps, the Fifth, in the Middle.
Ewell, with Rodes
and Early’s Divisions is at Heidlersburg.
Hill is at
Cashtown, Longstreet Behind Him.
of Ewell’s corps is Between Shippensburg and Scotland.
Late In the Night
of the 30th, Meade Is Informed By Halleck That
The enemy Has
Withdrawn From Their Positions Near Harrisburg and at York.
He Knows Too, by
Now, That Hill and Longstreet Are in the Cashtown Gap,
And Showing Force
At the Mouth.
the Enemy to Advance Against His Front, He Orders Reynolds
To advance Toward Gettysburg to Feel For the Enemy, and If They Are Coming
To Fall Back to
Finds No Enemy Advancing, and Continues to Gettysburg
Where He Forms a
Battleline as He Encounters the Front of Hill’s corps.
Three Large Rebel
Divisions Wrestle With Two Small Union corps;
Given the Absence
of Immediate Support, the Union Retreat Would
Have Been Forced
Away From Cemetery Hill, Had Ewell Had
Jackson Been Alive, He Probably Would Have Been
In Command of
Lee’s Fighting Wing.