On March 8, 1862, from her berth at Norfolk, the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia steamed into Hampton Roads where she sank the USS Cumberland and ran the USS Congress aground.
On March 9, the Union ironclad Monitor having fortuitously arrived to do battle, initiated the first engagement of ironclads in history.
The two ships fought each other to a standstill, but the Virginia retired.
Other Names: Monitor vs. Virginia (Merrimack), Battle of the Ironclads
Location: Hampton Roads
Campaign: Peninsular Campaign (March-September 1862)
next battle in campaign
Date(s): March 8-9, 1862
Principal Commanders: Lt. John Worden [US]; Capt. Franklin Buchanan and Lt. Catesby R. Jones [CS]
Forces Engaged: 4 warships [US]; 1 warship [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 433 total (US 409; CS 24)