After midnight on October 9, Brigadier General Richard Anderson crossed from the mainland to Santa Rosa Island with 1,200 men in two small steamers to surprise Union camps and capture Fort Pickens. He landed on the north beach about four miles east of Fort Pickens and divided his command into three columns.
After proceeding about three miles, the Confederates surprised the 6th Regiment, New York Volunteers, in its camp and routed the regiment.
General Anderson then adopted a defensive stance to entice the Federals to leave the fort and attack.
Receiving reinforcements, Colonel Harvey Brown sallied against the Confederates, who reembarked and returned to the mainland.
Result(s): Union victory
Location: Escambia County
Campaign: Operations of Gulf Blockading Squadron (1861)
only battle in campaign Campaigns
Date(s): October 9, 1861
Principal Commanders: Colonel Harvey Brown [US]; Confederate Brigadier General Richard H. Anderson [CS]
Forces Engaged: Santa Rosa Island Garrison (approx. 600 men) [US]; infantry and artillery detachments (approx. 1,200 men) [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 154 total (US 67; CS 87)